Roti Phulka or Chapati

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Roti Phulka or Chapati

Roti Bread

Roti or Indian bread is a round shaped flat un-fermented bread made on a daily basis across India. This is served with sabzi (a dry vegetable) or lentils (dal) or with both at home with lunch and dinner daily. It can be served also with any special dish like Paneer Makhani, Kadai Paneer, Dum Aloo or even non-veg dishes like Butter Chicken, Mutton Korma etc. Simple roti is made with whole wheat flour, you can add ghee or milk while kneading the dough to make the roti softer. Roti, Phulka or chapati are the same thing with different names in different regions of India are made with different thickness according to different culture and choice of different regions of India. The main part of the soft roti recipe is the kneading of the dough for the roti. The recipe below is a detailed roti recipe that involves kneading the dough to make a soft and delicious roti. It is made with our ATTA flour.

Preparation Time : 15 Minutes
Cooking Time : 30 Minutes
Meal Type : Vegetarian


  • Atta Flour (3 cups _ extra for dusting)
  • Ghee (Optional)
  • Water (as needed)
  • Milk (optional) 1/2 cup
    Note : Use either milk or ghee to make the dough softer. There is no need to use both simultaneously.

    Salt: 1 to 2 tsps. as desired.


Kneading Dough

  • Take a big platter. Sieve 3 cups of wheat flour in it.
  • Gradually add some water and mix well. If you want to add milk or ghee, you can add it at this stage and mix well.
  • Add some more water and start kneading the dough. Add water little by little as needed and knead the dough. If you add a lot of water together, the dough will be difficult to knead as it will be very sticky. Use your fist while kneading the dough. The dough should not be too hard nor soft otherwise the roti will be difficult to roll.
  • Finally, when you do not have dry flour in the platter, you have to apply some more pressure with your fist to make the dough perfect and soft.
  • In the end you will get the dough that is not too soft or hard. You can make roti from it now but if you wait for some time it will give you good results. Apply some ghee on the surface of the dough, cover it with a plate or cloth and keep aside for about 20 minutes. Before you start making roti, knead the dough once again.

Rolling Roti

  • Turn on the gas and place a tawa (griddle) over it to preheat over medium heat.
  • Now take a small portion of the dough and place it in between your palms and make medium sized balls from the dough. Push the ball with your palm to flat it. Pour that flat dough from both sides into the dry flour to coat the dry flour over it.
  • While the tawa is heating. Take a rolling board and rolling pin and sprinkle some dry flour on the rolling board. Place the flat ball on top of the dry dough on a rolling board. Start rolling the dough using a rolling pin and make flat round circles of about 6 – 7 Inch. Making a circle is not so easy and it requires practice.
    If the dough is sticky, then put that round flour in dry flour and cover it with some dry flour on both side. flip the circle and roll again in circular motion. Make sure that the roti should not be too thick as thick roti will take a lot of time to cook as well as digest.

Cook Roti

  • Sprinkle some dry flour on the tawa. If the flour turns brown then the tawa is ready to cook. Put raw roti over the hot tawa.
  • Cook it slightly from one side and flip it to cook from the other side. Cook a little until some brown spots appear on both sides.
  • The roti is ready to cook on direct flame.
  • Hold the half-cooked roti with a tongs and cook on direct flame from the first cooked side.
  • When it starts puff, flip it to cook on the other side on direct flame. This will be more puffed. Do not over-cook it otherwise it will burn.
  • Remove it from the flame and transfer it to a plate and apply some ghee on top of it.
  • Roti is ready. Similarly, cook all the rotis. Serve hot with vegetables, dal or any paneer dishes.